Essentials of Music Theory: Students
Learning Music Theory: Students
Let's get started with scales. For all intents and purposes there are four different types of scales: major, minor, harmonic minor and melodic minor.
All of the scales have the same formatting and it's as follows:
Minor Scales (Natural Minor)
Minor Scales (Harmonic Minor)
Minor Scales (Melodic Minor)
If you can memorize these pattenrs you will be able to build any scale. The numbers indicate the number of half-steps in between consecutive notes.
The (2) in parenthesis is such because regardless of the scale the distance between the fourth and fifth scale degrees is always a whole step
(two half-steps). NOTE: the DESCENDING of a melodic minor scale changes and is exactly the same as a Natural Minor scale when descending.